The Basics of Gastroparesis

Medically reviewed by Pat F. Bass III, MD, MPH
Seen most often with diabetes, this disorder slows down the digestive process and can cause stomach upset and other issues. 
f you find yourself feeling extremely full after eating only a small amount of food, or feeling nauseated and throwing up after eating, don't brush it off as indigestion or lack of appetite. These could be warning signs of a digestive condition called gastroparesis. While difficult to treat, a special gastroparesis diet can help to control symptoms.

Have digestive problems? Find a gastroenterologist near you.

Gastroparesis: What Is It? 
Gastroparesis is a disorder in which the stomach empties extremely slowly — a meal that can be digested in about four hours in a healthy person may take days to empty out of the stomach of someone with gastroparesis, says Francisco J. Marrero, MD, a gastroenterologist with the Digestive Disease Institute at the Cleveland Clinic in Ohio. Gastroparesis results when the vagus nerve, which contracts the stomach to squeeze food further down the digestive tract, becomes damaged in some way.
Gastroparesis is an extremely rare condition, affecting only about 10 out of every 100,000 people, according to Dr. Marrero. The condition can be caused by:

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